HFI optical efficiency
The HFI(Planck) High Frequency Instrument optical efficiency tests involved exposing the HFI(Planck) High Frequency Instrument detectors to a known blackbody source and observing the response. Sufficient details for the HFI(Planck) High Frequency Instrument detector spectral transmission profiles are provided here while full details of the experiments and results are provided in a separate technical report . A blackbody source internal to the Saturne cryostat was set to a variety of temperatures ( 1 – 6 K) and the bolometer detector response was recorded. A bolometer model was applied to the recorded response in order to obtain the radiative optical power absorbed by the detector, in units of W, i.e. where represents the blackbody source temperature. Using the measured source temperature, the theoretical radiative optical power incident on the detector is also calculated using the Planck function. The ratio of the received power and the theoretical power provides the optical efficiency term. To remove any offsets in the measurement, a ratio of differences between unique temperature settings is used. The measured absorbed optical power difference is given by
where HFI(Planck) High Frequency Instrument detector spectral transmission profiles. Let represent the normalized detector transmission spectrum (i.e. it has been ratioed and had the waveguide model and filter data appropriately grafted). The spectral transmission is scaled for throughput and then re-normalized as followsand represent two unique source temperature settings. The theoretical incident power is determined using the
whereis the division of by its maximum value, and is the speed of light. The normalized spectral transmission is then used with the Planck function at the temperature setting to determine the theoretical power, , as follows
whereis the Planck constant, is the Boltzmann constant, the integration limits are given by and , and is the expected mode content of the frequency band. Table [tab:modes] lists the values used for each band. In this case the integration is performed over the range . The difference between the theoretical power loading is given by
which allows the optical efficiency term to be determined as follows
Thus, ifwere used in Equation [eq:EFFPth] in place of , the resultant optical efficiency would be unity, indicating that the transmission losses have already been taken into account.
The uncertainty estimate of the optical efficiency is statistically based on the results from the multiple temperature settings used in the optical efficiency test sequences.